Bangladesh at a glance
Bangladesh, officially People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Country, south-central Asia. Area: 56,977 sq mi (147,570 sq km). Population: (2022 est.) 171,704,000. Capital: Dhaka. The vast majority of the population are Bengali. Language: Bengali (official). Religions: Islam (official; mainly Sunni); also Hinduism. Currency: taka. Bangladesh is generally flat, its highest point reaching over 1,000 ft (305 m) above sea level. The landscape is characterized by alluvial plains dissected by numerous connecting rivers. The southern part consists of the eastern sector of the Ganges-Brahmaputra delta. The chief rivers are the Ganges (there known as the Padma) and the Brahmaputra (or Jamuna), which unite as the Padma. Though primarily agricultural, the country often is not self-sufficient in food production. The monsoonal rains that occur from May to October produce extreme flooding over much of Bangladesh, often causing severe crop damage and great loss of life. Cyclones in 1970 and 1991 killed some 300,000 and 140,000 Bengalis, respectively. Bangladesh is a unitary multiparty republic with one legislative house; its head of state is the president, and its head of government is the prime minister. In its early years Bangladesh was known as Bengal. When the British left the subcontinent in 1947, the area that was East Bengal became the part of Pakistan called East Pakistan. Bengali nationalist sentiment increased after the creation of an independent Pakistan. In 1971 violence erupted; some one million Bengalis were killed, and millions more fled to India, which finally entered the war on the side of the Bengalis, ensuring West Pakistan’s defeat. East Pakistan became the independent country of Bangladesh. Little of the devastation caused by the war has been repaired, and political instability, including the assassination of two presidents, has continued.
Manpower from Bangladesh
Manpower from Bangladesh
Bangladesh is a reservoir of manpower. A huge number of skilled, semi-skilled and professional manpower is available for foreign employment. Some relevant data in this regard are given below:
Skilled workers and technicians play a key role in all sectors of the economy. To produce skilled technicians there are mid-level technical and vocational training systems in the country. Mid-level technical education is provided after tenth year of schooling. Polytechnic sub-system offers well organized 4 year’s diploma courses in engineering and technology. There are fifty two (52) public and 220 private Polytechnic Institutes in the country with annual intake capacity of 96,000 students. Besides Polytechnics, there are a number of agricultural and allied industrial, textile and leather technology institutes and commercial institutes and other specialized polytechnic institutes offering diploma level course in their respective fields.
Bangladesh has facilities for imparting graduate and post-graduate medical education and training in the country. Facilities exist in the country for turning out about 5000 medical graduates and 300 dental surgeons every year. More than 5000 General Physicians (graduates) are now available for employment abroad. A good number of specialized consultants/ physicians are also available for overseas employment.
Engineering Institutes: 6 University of Engineering & Technology, 4 Engineering College and 7 Marine Academy produce about 2000 Graduate Engineers annually. In addition 51 Polytechnic Institutes in the country produce about 70000 Diploma Engineers annually.
The country’s industries employ about 1.5 million workers of different categories. Professional, managerial, administrative, technical, skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled workers including experienced garments workers, both male and female with several years of experience in different industrial fields are available for overseas employment.
Bangladesh has now a large number of Computer Operators, Computer Engineers (both Hardware and Software), Programmers, Web Page Developer, Networking Specialist, System Analyst, etc. available for overseas employment.
Power Station, Petroleum and Fertilizer Manpower:
Bangladesh has vast reservoir of professional, highly skilled and skilled manpower in electricity/power, petroleum and fertilizer sectors.
Road Transport workers: Professional, technical and skilled personnel experienced in operation, repair and maintenance of all categories of vehicles including trucks and heavy vehicle equipment’s are available for employment.
Manpower for Financial Institutions, Insurance, Audit and Accounts: Bangladesh has a network of commercial Bank and Financial Institutions covering even the remotest areas of the country. Persons experienced in central banking operations are also available in Bangladesh. Normally University Graduates are recruited for supervisory and managerial positions in the banking institutions and they are trained through a scheme for training for bankers. In addition, the Bangladesh Institute of Bank Management provides higher training of international standard to in-service banking personnel. Similarly, Chartered Accountants, Cost Management Accounts, Actuaries, and persons with long experience in Insurance business, Government and Commercial Audit and Accounting are available in the Country, and they can be spared for service abroad.
Port and Water Transport Workers: Personas of all categories needed for administration and operation of port facilities are available. These include inland Masters, Engine Drivers, Oil Men, Pre-sea Trained Nautical Cadres, Stevedores, Tally Clears, Crane Operators, Fort Lift Operators, Riggers, Security Personnel, Management Personnel and other categories of Personnel. They have international level of efficiency to the credit.
Agricultural, Animal Husbandry, Fisheries, Livestock, Horticulture Experts, Technical and Farmers: There are seven (7) Agricultural Universities and 17 public Agricultural Training Institutions, in Bangladesh offering degrees, diplomas and certificates of education and training in agriculture, animal husbandry, forestry, fisheries, livestock, horticulture and related fields.
Experts with Bachelor’s Master’s and Ph.D. degrees and technicians with several years’ experience in agricultural development, livestock, fisheries, forestry horticulture development and research activities are available in the country, in addition skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled shepherds with sufficient experience are also available for foreign employment.
University/College/School Teachers: A large number of persons with university degrees in engineering science, humanities, fine arts and social sciences with experience of teaching in Schools, Colleges and Universities are available in the country for foreign employment.
Administrative and Defence Personnel:
People in public administration sector with Bachelor’s, Master’s and Ph.D. degrees and specialized training and long experience are available for employment. Besides, persons educated and experienced in economic planning and research are also available for overseas employment. Retired army, navy and air force personnel with adequate experience can also be deployed abroad for manning defence and security services.
Hotel Management and Catering Staff: A large number of Bangladeshi hotel personnel are working in various reputed hotels abroad, mainly in the Middle Eastern countries. The Hotel Management Training Institute run by Bangladesh Tourism Corporation turns out a good number of trained hotel personnel every year. All categories of trained hotel staff experience or working in five star hotels can be provided for the departments of food and beverage, housekeeping, front office, accounts and engineering.
Marine Crew: Bangladesh has a large number of qualified and experienced Ship/Cargo/Vessel Crew possessing Continuous Discharge Certificates (C.D.C.) Crew can be provided from Bangladesh at short notice. Certificated merchant navy officers are also available for overseas employment.
Ship Building industries: Bangladesh has quality workers who are experienced in ship building industries.
Miscellaneous Manpower: Qualified photographers, printers, printing technicians, journalists, translators, musical entertainers, operators, tailors, sewing men, barbers, shoe makers, domestic servants, house keepers, cleaners and all types of semi-skilled, unskilled workers are available for employment abroad. Besides, Bangladesh has a huge numbers of manual workers to do heavy and difficult jobs like agricultural work, plantation, timber extraction, pottering and excavation work, etc.
Qualities of Workers:
Bangladeshi workers are loyal, disciplined, and hardworking and have the rare quality of adaptability to new situation.